Sunday, June 7, 2020
Admissions to many BS/MD programs is more competitive than even the most selective colleges. Ã¢â¬Å"Advantages and Disadvantages of Combined BS/MD ProgramsÃ¢â¬ is excerpted from the Accepted.com special report,Ã Am I Cut Out for a Combined BS/MD Program?Ã To download the entire free special report,Ã click here.Ã If you are fully committed to the idea of pursuing a medical career, a combined program may seem like the best of both worlds. In one application process, you can assure yourself of your future medical career, eliminate uncertainty and stress during your undergraduate years, and, without completing a full medical school application process, potentially save yourself thousands of dollars in application costs. With so many benefits, it is easy to see why the several dozen combined programs are so highly sought after. Admission to many of them is more competitive than even the most selective colleges, easily in the low single digits with extremely talented applicant pools. These programs also do not obligate you to attend medical school, but with such competitive applicant pools, it is easy to understand why universities do not want to waste resources on students who are not committed to a career in medicine. If you have top notch high school credentials, including GPA, test scores, challenging curriculum, and a demonstrated interest (through volunteer service, research, and clinical shadowing), some of these programs might be a good fit for you. However, for many other applicants, following the traditional route of pursuing a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree and completing your pre-medical requirements before applying to medical school makes more sense than attending a combined BS/MD program. Consider the following: The additional few years of undergraduate education and life perspective can truly help you to determine which educational environment is best for you. Is there an area of the country that you prefer? Are you interested in serving a specific population? Some medical schools emphasize family practice while others focus more on scientific research and academic career preparation. If you choose to pursue a combined program, be certain that you are doing so in an environment that suits you for its undergraduate experience. There is a chance you will find that medicine is not your calling. In some cases, the undergraduate requirements to maintain your medical school space are extremely tough. You are most likely to thrive in an environment that makes you happy. Accepted.com ~ Helping You Write Your Best Related Resources: Ã¢â¬ ¢ College Admissions 101 Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã 5 Fatal Flaws to Avoid in Your College Application Essays Ã¢â¬ ¢ Interviews with Medical School Applicants
Sunday, May 17, 2020
In a modern world, crime is greatly present in every day life. As technology continues to advance, the ability to get behind the mind of a criminal has greatly increased. With different crimes, that mind can look vastly different as well, depending on the psychological factors at play. The history of the study of the psychology of crime is replete with theoretical shiftsÃ¢â¬âsome of which have led to empirical dead ends and others to tremendous advances. Explaining the motivations of a criminal historically has been a difficult task for psychologists because of the wide array of individual, situational, and cultural variables influencing the development of criminal behavior. Recent psychological research includes both theoretical and methodological advances that have allowed for new, unprecedented insights into the psychology of crime. In the research that follows, mass shootings, serial rape, and homicide will be further looked at to determine the psychology present in each of th ese types of crime. Forensic psychology is defined as, Ã¢â¬Å"a framework for the integration of a diverse range of aspects of psychology into all areas of criminal and civil investigation,Ã¢â¬ (IAIP, 2016). It is involved with all types of criminality that may be examined by the police, ranging from rape to terrorism and concerning everything in between, expanding, even, to cover areas of crime that, while requiring an investigation, are not the immediate attention of the police force. These areas include theShow MoreRelatedCrime and Forensic Psychology1117 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBambam2 BecauseÃ crime is one of the more appealing themes in popular culture, the public receives a skewed version of crime. The publicÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge may be particularly lacking with regard to the entire field of criminology, the differences between blue-collar and white-collar crime, and the general perception of the incidence of crime in the United States. You are asked, as the public relations representative of your police department, to provide an information session on the field of criminologyRead MoreForensic Psychology And Crime And Substance Abuse847 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Forensic Psychology Forensic psychology is a solid reference to crime and substance abuse. Criminal behavior is an evil thought however substance abuse is a disease. One will certainly need a better understanding to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s crime that would cause one to commit them. Did the drugs make him/her do it? Psychology, biology, and criminology fall within the evolution in forensic psychology. Race, sex, and poverty plays a pivotal role when a crime is committed within a specificRead MoreA Brief Note On Forensic Psychology And The Criminal Justice System1270 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFor every crime, there is an equal punishment. The criminal justice system can be broken down into various different parts, all of which composed of people doing different jobs. While many people only know of common roles, there are many smaller jobs that are no less important. One critical job linked to the criminal justice system is that of a forensic psychologist. Forensic psychology requires a background in psychology, but works primarily in the court system. Most of the time, a forensic psychologistRead MoreForensic Psychology And The Human Mind And Its Functions1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPsychology and law at first glance are not two terms that seem to correspond with each other. One might even question why they would be mentioned in the same context. Crime has become a major issue within todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. It seems as though the only way to prevent most of them is to enforce the repercussions of the act and punish those that partake in it. Criminals often have motives or attributes that lead them into a life of crime. Forensic psychology is the cynosure that brings the associationRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Forensic Psychology1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesForensic Psychology At Its Core More than half of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population is filled with criminals, individuals wonder why criminals do what they do. In order to have these questions answered, a Forensic PsychologistÃ¢â¬â¢s is needed, the basic definition of a Forensic Psychologist is an individual that treats criminal- related people. Here is some information about everything there is to know of a Forensic Psychologist, their salary, types of jobs, well- known people, famous cases, and their disadvantagesRead MoreThe Importance Of Becoming A Forensic Psychologist1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesenter the department of forensic psychology, certain steps must be taken. It is essential that one is properly informed and able to meet all of the qualifications, as well as fully understanding the responsibilities a forensic psychologist has. Becoming a forensic psychologist requires years of higher education and a unique set of skills, but offers a wide variety of fascinating work environments and duties. Education is the difference between achieving success as a forensic psychologist and beingRead MoreForensic Criminology : Forensic Psychology And Psychologists822 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesForensic Psychology and Psychologists Forensic psychologists are helpful in many criminal investigations as well as civil investigations. These types of psychologists must have advanced knowledge in many areas such as clinical psychology, forensic science, and many legal matters. Their main job is to aid in police investigations and/or assist as an expert witness in both criminal and civil trials. Forensic psychology is a major part of psychology because it helps define who a criminal is andRead MoreEssay on Forensic Psychology Deals with Both Law and Psychology625 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesForensic (criminal) psychology is a job field that deals with both psychology and law. The field has experienced dramatic growth in recent years due to the role of popular movies, television programs and books popularizing the field. Often these individuals are depicted as vivid components in solving vicious crimes or timing out a criminalÃ¢â¬â¢s next home. While these depictions of certainly entertaining, yet these portrayals are n ot necessarily precise. Forensic psychologists play an instrumental roleRead MoreA Brief Note On Forensic Criminology And Criminal Forensic Psychology1351 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction There are six major sub-specialties in forensic psychology: criminal, juvenile, civil, investigative, correctional, and police forensic psychology. Professionals working under each of them have unique roles, educational qualifications, responsibilities, ethical challenges, and controversial issues to confront. Similarly, there are various studies and seminal cases that have shaped the sub-specialties in different ways. In most cases, they reflect changes in the criminal justice systemRead MoreForensic Psychology : A More Than One Career Option933 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesForensic psychology is a varied field that can lead to more than one career option, and provides more than one path to get into the position youÃ¢â¬â¢re seeking. A masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree is required to work in the field of forensic psychology. With a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree you could work as a correctional officer, a parole or probation officer, or as a counselor to criminal offenders, a counselor to victims of crime, or a counselor to people who abuse drugs and alcohol. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Homework #1 ECO 156 Principles of Macroeconomics Chapter 1 2 1. Identify whether each of the following transactions takes place in the factor market or the product market. a. Billy buys a sofa from Home Time Furniture for his new home. Factor market b. Home Time Furniture pays its manager her weekly salary. Product market c. The manager buys dinner at BillyÃ¢â¬â¢s CafÃ ©. Product market d. After he pays all of his employees their wages and pays his other bills, the owner of BillyÃ¢â¬â¢s CafÃ © takes his profit. Factor market 2. List the opportunity costs of the following: a. going to college - the money you would have earned if you worked instead. b. missing a lecture Ã¢â¬â takes away from your knowledge of that lesson.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The opportunity cost from moving from point C to B is a decrease in food units but an increase in shelter units. d. Which of points AÃ¢â¬âE is the most efficient? Explain. C and D are most efficient because it requires society to use the resources to their fullest extent. Chapter 3 5. What would be the effect of each of the following on the demand for Chevrolets in the United States? In each case, identify the responsible determinant of demand. a. The price of Fords plummets. If the price on Fords went down the demand for them would increase. The cheaper the product is the more people will want it. b. Consumers believe that the price of Chevrolets will rise next year. If the price rises and the price of Ford is decreasing most likely the demand for Chevrolets will decrease and will lose out on customers because of Ford. c. The incomes of Americans rise. Well if this happens then they will go with the better car even if itÃ¢â¬â¢s more money. So ChevroletÃ¢â¬â¢s will have more of an increasing demand because AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s have more money to spend. d. The price of gasoline falls dramatically. If the price of gasoline dropped then thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a chance people will go with Chevrolet because itÃ¢â¬â¢s a better car even though itÃ¢â¬â¢s more expensive. But thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a chance people will stay and save money with Ford because their cars are so cheap. 6. What would be the effect of each of the following on the supply of salsa in theShow MoreRelatedEconomics and Opportunity Cost Essay1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿The Cost of Something Mankiws Ten Principles of Economics Opportunity cost is the value of the next best alternative in a decision. Imagine that you have $150 to see a concert. You can either see Hot Stuff or you can see Good Times Band. Assume that you value Hot Stuffs concert at $225 and Good Times concert at $150. Both concerts cost $150 per ticket, but it would take you a couple of hours to drive to Hot Stuffs concert and you have to be in school (the next) morning for an exam. GoodRead MoreThe Economic Principles Of Tradeoff And Opportunity Cost848 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdecisions. Sometimes we are given a choice among multiple desired options and we must debate which one would be the best option. By using economic principles, making these decisions can become easy when we apply such economic principles as Trade offs and Opportunity Cost. As a current senior with only one semester left to graduate, utilizing these economic principles will allow me to make the best possible decision when choosing which of three electives to take next sem ester: French, CreativeRead MoreThe Cost Of Opportunity Cost1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOpportunity cost can be defined as the price of a substitute that might be forgone in order to pursue an assured action. The forgone cost. Opportunity cost can also be defined as the best forgone alternative in a scenario where a decision had to be made between some many mutually exclusive or inclusive alternatives (Mankiw, 2009). Simply put opportunity cost is what one is missing out when they make a choice. I could be watching a game of European Soccer or watching a rerun episode of Game of ThronesRead MoreEssay on Chapter 1 Profits Managers And Markets 1 1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFundamentals of Managerial Economics McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright Ã © 2014 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter One Chapter Overview Ã¢â¬ ¢ Introduction Ã¢â¬â The manager Ã¢â¬â Economics Ã¢â¬â Managerial economics defined Ã¢â¬ ¢ Economics of Effective Management Ã¢â¬â Identifying goals and constraints Ã¢â¬â Recognize the nature and importance of profits Ã¢â¬â Understand incentives Ã¢â¬â Understand markets Ã¢â¬â Recognize the time value of money Ã¢â¬â Use marginal analysis Ã¢â¬ ¢ Learning managerial economics 1-2 IntroductionRead MoreImplicit Cost Of An Explicit Cost Essay1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesExplicit costs are expenses/payments that are actually made and frequently recorded. They mirror payment for a business transaction, such as salaries, rent, and utilities.(OpenStax Economics, 2016). Implicit costs being intangible are not frequently recorded. This sort of cost mirrors a potential opportunity, advantages, or points of interest that may have happened in a given circumstance. (OpenStax Economics, 2016) EXAMPLES OF WHEN AN EXPLICIT COST IS DIFFERENT FROM AN IMPLICIT COST 1. ImplicitRead MoreExplain The Nature Of Economics1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEconomics Essay Explain the nature of economics The nature of economics is essentially the study of the economy and how to solve the problems it poses. Economics includes the concepts of the economic problem, scarcity, the need for choice, opportunity costs, future implications of current choice by individuals, businesses and governments and economic factors underlying decision making by individuals, businesses and the government. The nature and study of economics is ultimately about trying toRead MoreSupply Chain Opportunity For An Uncertain Economic Recovery1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSupply Chain Opportunity in an Uncertain Economic Recovery Authors Statement of Purpose Supply Chain Opportunity in an Uncertain Economic Recovery, by Eric G. Olson, discusses the advantages the supply chain has in a struggling economic recovery, when most other companies are dealing with uncertainty. The authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ intention contained in this article is to discuss opportunities that businesses have to grow their operations despite coming out of a severe recession. The author identifies to take advantageRead MoreEssay about Econ Ch.1728 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAlternatives, and Choice Multiple Choice [QUESTION] 1. Economics is a social science that studies how individuals, institutions, and society may: A) Expand the amount of productive resources available to them B) Attain a minimum level of unemployment C) Best use scarce resources to achieve the maximum satisfaction of economic wants D) Reduce the prices of goods and services to consumers Answer: C Topic: The Economic Perspective Difficulty: 2 Medium Learning Objective: 01-01 BloomÃ¢â¬â¢s:Read MoreThe Opportunity Cost Of Relationships797 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Opportunity Cost of Relationships In this article, the author Chrissie Deist described about what people have to give up to get what they want. This is called the opportunity cost. He also illustrated an example of this with apples and oranges. Moreover, the opportunity cost does not always have to be financial cost. Deist did mention that romantic relationships have an opportunity cost as well. He provided some lists of things people sacrifice to be in relationships such as losing their personalRead MoreEconomic and Social Costs of Inequality in Australia785 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnalyse the economic and social costs and benefits of inequality in distribution of income in Australia. Income inequality describes the extent to which income is distributed unevenly among residents of an area. High levels of inequality indicate that a small number of people receive most of the total income, and that most people receive only a small share of the total. There are many advantages and disadvantages associated with the inequitable distribution of income. Income inequality can
After four years of absence from the music world, the Beastie Boys explode onto the scene with their new release, Hello Nasty. This CD is filled with 22 addictive tracks that will get you singing a different one each day. Like the traditional Beastie Boys, they add several cameos by other artists (such as rapper Biz Markle) to the mix. They also include multiple samples, ranging from a clip from Spanish musician, Tito Puente, to the message left on the Beastie Boys answering machine by newcomer Mix Master Mike. And for all of the loyal Beastie Boys fans who may be frustrated by the delay between CDs, you will find that it was definitely worth it.The stimulating beat of Super Disco Breakin starts the album with a burst and the beats keep coming with the second and third tracks, The Move and Remote Control. The CD changes pace with the slow beat of Song For The Man, but gets right back to work with the strong beats and lyrics of Just A Test, Body Movin and fan-favorite Intergalactic (w hich features a robotic-like chorus). We will write a custom essay sample on Beastie Boys Hello Nasty or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The album then slows back down with the first instrumental, Sneakin Out The Hospital and the rap-oriented track Putting Shame In Your Game. A brief output of energy is then injected with two songs: Three MCs And One DJ in which Beastie Boys rookie Mixmaster Mike and his thunderous turntable debuts and the powerful chorus of The Grasshopper Unit (Keep Movin). The album ends with three slow songs: Dedication, Dr. Lee PhD and Instant Death,So, in conclusion I would give Hello Nasty four and a half out of five stars, only because it ends softly. If you are interested in finding more information about this CD or the Beastie Boys, you can sign on to their website: www.grandroyal.com/beastieboys.
Monday, April 20, 2020
Terrorism in Pakistan Full Essay: Terrorism is not just word but ideology that suffered this world a lot. There are many countries of the world that are facing this threat in their parts. Important thing is that all countries are trying to counter it but terrorism increased. Pakistan is also the victim of this terrorism. In fact it is suffering a lot than any other country. The reason of that itÃ¢â¬â¢s big functional boundary which is associated with big countries of the world like India, Iran, Afghanistan and China. In last UN Convention in which all heads of States were present, PM India Man Mohan Singh said Pakistan is the Epicenter of TerrorismÃ¢â¬ and all people that were sit in that convention endorsed his statement without considering that Pakistan gave lot of lives in this fight of terrorism, army men and also public. Today, bomb blast or suicide bombing is normal thing for the citizens of Pakistan. We will write a custom essay sample on Terrorism in pakistan or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Many Pakistanis are dying these blasts but they are facing it by bravery. But the whole world is continuously pointing to us as terrorist state. What a shame? There is no govt. official that can say truth to the world and to the citizens of Pakistan that are still seeing towards leadership. This is happening with us because of our slavery and corrupt leadership that made such decisions and policies through we are reached at the edge of another partition. Our Establishment launched Jihad to rescue the people of Afghanistan against USSR. We defeated USSR badly with the help of USA and got huge success. Now the scenario has been totally changed for last 10 years. USA replaced USSR and it is fighting against these Afghanis that were fighting with USA against USSR. Pakistan played the same role and it is helping USA against those Afghanis. Presently Pakistan is considered as Infidel (Kafir) state by this Pakistani Taliban. So, Pakistan is facing different war scenes. TTP which has origin of Pakistan is fighting against Pakistani State and Afghani Taliban is fighting against USA in Afghanistan. This wart is continuously going and USA is ready to leave this region by the beginning of 2014 but what about Pakistan? Pakistan has to do something to get rid of this problem because after going USA Pakistan will become the prime target for both of them which will be very deadly detrimental for Pakistan and it should plan something long term to make itself safe from these coming situations.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Does the media increase fear of crime Essays Does the media increase fear of crime Essay Does the media increase fear of crime Essay Fear of crime is becoming as serious a problem as crime itself. According to the Governments British Crime Survey (BCS) of 2001/2, 30% of the UK felt crime increased a lot, and a further 30% thought it increased a little in the previous two years (Home Office, 2002), compared to 33% a lot and 65% a little in the BCS of 2006/7 (Home Office, 2007). The media is a powerful way of getting messages across to citizens and many criminologists have studied the way crime is portrayed and how this affects levels of fear. The governments 2002 BCS reported that 43% of tabloid readers thought the national crime rate had increased significantly, compared with 26% of broadsheet readers (Home Office, 2002). These statistics have led me to investigate how the media reports crime, why they represent crime as they do and the potential consequences. How is crime reported in the media? Crime is prominent in all media. Throughout history there has been a fascination with crime. Robert Reiner (Maguire et al, 2002, p393) claims the risk of crimes as portrayed in media are both quantitatively and qualitatively more serious in the media than the official statistically recorded picture. Reiner argues that the media disproportionately represents violent accounts of crime, and focuses on events which are intense, exciting, arousing and extreme. From my research there appears to be a virtually universal finding that media representations exaggerate both the levels of serious interpersonal crime in society and the risk of becoming a crime victim. This representation of crime is largely event-oriented in that it focuses on specific criminal cases and incidents rather than wider debates around causes, prevention, or policy (Rock, 1973, cited in Hale). A study done in Scotland found that 6.5% of the news reported in newspapers involved crime, and 46% of this was violent and sex ual crime, even though only 2.4% of reported crimes were actually violent or sexual (Williams and Dickinson, 1993). Cohen (Kidd-Hewitt, 1995, p10) summarises that .so much space in the mass media is given to deviance [crime] that some sociologists have argued that this interest functions to reassure society that the boundary lines between conformist and deviant, good and bad, healthy and sick, are still valid ones. According to the Guardian newspaper Attitudes to crime are hugely influenced by newspaper reports, with tabloid readers almost twice as likely to be worried about crime as those who favour broadsheets (Guardian, 2003). Tabloids news is generally found to include a greater proportion of crime stories reported in a more sensationalistic style than broadsheet news (Graber, 1980, cited in Hale). My study leads me to believe that the tabloids are generally right wing, with the main consumers not reading to be intelligently stimulated and to have their views, values and politics challenged but instead reading to have their deep implanted values and opinions reinforced by the reporter. Tabloids generally lack informative information choosing instead to use emotive language aiming to have the reader agreeing as they read and supporting the reporters opinions and view of the situation. For example, a report in The Sun newspaper on Saturday 10th May 2008 about Josef Fritzl (The Sun Newspaper, 2008) used eight emotive words including Evil, Monster and Beast in an article of approximately 80 words. This type of language induces what Stanley Cohen (1972) describes as moral panic which stimulates an increase in fear of crime. So why does the media represent crime in this way? For an event to gain media coverage and attention it has to be classified as newsworthy. It appears that the tabloids are not interested in reporting the facts and reassuring society that crime levels are okay and consequently reducing fear, instead they are interested in selling their papers and increasing fear of crime helps achieve this aim. Looking at news values helps to explain the attention and broad profile crime and control gain in the media. Interpersonal crimes of sex and violence can be more easily presented as dramatic and arousing than non-violent crimes such as white collar crime. Although names are generally included where possible, one of the most compelling images in crime is that of the unknown predatory stranger. People will buy newspapers to read about crime because its stimulating, exciting, intense and emotional. Few stories can capture the public imagination as forcefully as the killer on the loose, especially when the potential victims are children. Crimes which are considered spatially and culturally close to home, will generally be considered more newsworthy than the same crimes, or events, happening far away. This is also the case for non-western countries, which are widely perceived as more spatially and culturally distant. An example of this was on 26th December 2003, Iran was struck by an earthquake which killed more than twenty-five thousand Iranian Citizens. It was the second story reported on the UK evening News at Ten, the headlining story was that of an English police officer who had been shot (Hale, 2005, p165). The news value of proximity helps to explain why the story of one police officer being shot at home was considered more newsworthy than twenty-five thousand citizens being killed by an earthquake in Iran. Cultivation analysis as discussed by Gerbner et al. (1976, pp.172, cited in Hale) looks at the influence of violence on prime-time US television. This study found that heavy television viewers (those who watch more than four hours per day) cultivate a world-view which more closely resembles the television message than light television viewers (those who watch less than two hours per day) therefore heavy viewing is said to cultivate higher fear of crime. Television overstates both the seriousness and risk of criminal victimisation, portraying the world as mean and scary. Recent research on US television news concluded that local crime coverage generates more fear than national coverage (Chiricos et al. 2000, p.172, cited in Hale). I believe that this is because we think we have a higher risk of becoming a victim when we are told of crime happening on our own doorsteps. However National crime coverage may relieve and reassure viewers as they believe that their own communities are comparatively safe. What are the consequences of the media disproportionately representing crime? We are living in an age of media saturation with the media playing an increasing central role in everyday life and becoming more and more powerful within our society. The media today have the power and ability to develop awareness of an issue among the general public, and even manipulate the public response. Societys response is what Stanley Cohen, 1972, describes as moral panic. This social reaction to the perceived threat to societal values is both disproportionate and hostile and involves sensational and stereotypical media coverage, public outcry and demands for tougher controls. Cohen (1972) studied the medias response and manipulation of a situation in his study of the conflict between the Mods and Rockers. To summarise Cohens argument, the media exaggerated and distorted the events, which resulted in them actually creating crime. Groups of youths were labelled as troublemakers by the media portraying them as folk devils. This stereotyped image was held by police and the public, creating moral panic, which further increased the fear of crime (Moore, 1996, p122-3). Cohen demonstrated how the labelling and marginalisation of Mods and Rockers created a deviancy amplification spiral in which future disturbances were virtually guaranteed. These disturbances seemed to justify initial fears, resulting in more media coverage, more public outcry, more policing, and thus the spiral of reaction continued. This study highlights the power and manipulation the media can have on society, and in turn the overall fear the media can create in a deviant group. A powerful example of the media manipulating, using fear and moral panic to boost sales is the Naming and Shaming of paedophiles in the wake of Sarah Paynes murder trial, published Sunday 23rd July 2000 in The News of the World. They released the pictures and names of 100 offenders. It boosted sales by 95,000 copies. Parents queued to buy several copies to find out if their neighbours were paedophiles, and consequently whether their children were in danger. This irresponsible journalism led to vigilante behaviour, where innocents were attacked. In one case Iain Armstrong was beaten to death by a mob in Manchester through mistaken identity. The News of the World acted negligently, they didnt consider the long term effect and produced out of control behaviour as a consequence. The Home Office described the public response as a climate of fear and panic (BBC, 2001). Throughout history the media have created folk devils. They have divided and manipulated society to single out a group, in what is Foucault described as the Other. By labelling this deviant group as the Other, society is able to place the blame on them for the problems within society. The media have created many scapegoats throughout history including Teddy boys in 1950s, Mods and Rockers in 1960s, Skinheads, Hooliganism in 1970s, Mugging in 1970s, Joy riders in 1990s, Yob culture in 1990s, Teenage Pregnancies in 1990s and IRA in 1970s, 80s and 90s, plus many more (Muncie, 1987). A frequently quoted statistic is that more than 70 per cent of studies claim to demonstrate that media portrayal of violence does cause real life violence (Andison, 1977 citied in Hale p168). Banduras Bobo doll study found that children who saw aggressive behaviour rewarded, displayed aggressive behaviour more than those who viewed non-aggressive interactions, or interactions that were punished (Hale, 2005, p168). Media representation of crime has often been blamed for violent criminal acts. One example is the case of toddler James Bulger, who was murdered by two ten-year-olds in 1993. A lot of attention was directed at the film Childs Play III as a likely inspiration for this criminal act (Kidd-Hewitt, 1995, p6). The violent film Natural Born Killers (1994) has also been accused of inciting a number of copycat murders. A debate has risen among Criminologists, Psychologists and Sociologists around the nature, extent and significance of the influence of such violence in the media. The two main arguments are that of the political right, with the concern that the media images glamorise crime and violence, undermining respect for authority and the rule of law and encouraging criminality. On the other side, the political left argue that media images of crime and deviance increase public fears and anxieties, helping to win support for authoritarian measures of control and containment. Conclusion Following my research, I support the argument that crime reporting in the media creates a distorted picture of reality which is reflected in peoples beliefs and attitudes in society today. Although I am unable to demonstrate conclusively that media increases fear of crime I am convinced that without a doubt media has a profound influence. I have discussed how crime is reported and some possible explanations for the way in which the media select which crimes to report. My research shows that crime is grossly misrepresented and that there appears to be an institutionalised need in media to create moral panic in order to make good copy. As discussed previously, tabloids in particular use fear inducing language with intense coverage and disproportional representation of violent accounts of crime in a bid to make the story newsworthy and consequently increase newspaper sales. The creation of Folk Devils and other scapegoats throughout history has enabled the media to continue to incite moral panic and even become the creators of crime itself. The growing trend of copycat crimes inspired through media such as television and video continue to cause concern and debate amongst academics as the medias influence dominates society and impacts on fear of crime. This ability to bring disturbances, riots and increased fear into our homes is an issue of social concern and fear of crime has to be taken as seriously as crime prevention and reduction.
Friday, February 28, 2020
CIS 333 Week 10Technical Project Paper - Coursework Example Both dangers and vulnerabilities need to be considered simultaneously. Dangers can give harm to the confidentiality, accessibility and uprightness of information present in the data frameworks. They investigate opportunities for security breaches to cause classified information intrusion by means of unapproved access, amendment of information, removal of data from data frameworks. Threats can hit the pharmacy system from different sources. These threats are confidential on the parameters of distinctive capacities and methodology including outer approaches by cyber-crimes, hackers, terrorists. For taking care of dangers of diverse nature for the pharmacy, distinctive risk alleviation and control techniques are needed in the connection of securing the organized information systems. Vulnerabilities are the shortcomings which are exhibited in the framework against the current dangers. Vulnerabilities can be recognized as security loop holes in the framework. If hackers discover these loop holes in the framework, results are wrecking including unauthorized access, revision or complete cancellation of the framework. A recent example is the hacking of wiki leaks site which affected the entire world furthermore influenced strategic and financial relations between nations as different classified documents were spilled out from the site. Vulnerabilities are fruitful be cause of approach shortcomings, deficient usage of security framework, and information of individual issues. For recognizing any conceivable threats, testing of the security framework including system parts, hardware and software is essential which may happen later on. The risk is characterized as the probability of diverse dangers by means of distinctive circumstances, which are influencing the system and data frameworks. The circumstances ought to consider the system,